Kouga Local Municipality

Kouga Local Municipality (KLM) is located in the Sarah Baartman District in the province of the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

It is situated west of Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality and stretches over a geographical area of 2 419km². It includes the nine town of Jeffreys Bay, Humansdorp, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis, Oyster Bay, Hankey, Patensie, Loerie, and Thornhill, as well as various smaller settlements and agricultural nodes.

Kouga is home to an estimated 107 014 residents (Census 2022).

Afrikaans is the most-spoken language, with a total of 54 767 (58.4%) mother-tongue speakers. IsiXhosa is the second biggest home language, with a total of 29 502 (29.9%) speakers, and English the third biggest, with 6 331 (6.1%) mother-tongue speakers.

While the region has traditionally been characterized by economic activities largely focused on tourism and agriculture, the area has been positioning itself as one of the energy hubs of South Africa. Various wind farms are already in operation (with more to follow), while several renewable energy projects are in the pipeline (including solar and biomass).